6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Where we are?

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Successes have been achieved in reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB): the number of new HIV cases was reduced in 2012, for the first time ever, by 1.7 percent from 2011, which indicates a decline in the intensity of the HIV epidemic. There are an estimated 220,000 HIV-positive people in Ukraine; HIV prevalence among adults is 0.57 percent. The number of persons with newly diagnosed HIV has decreased to 45.7 per 100,000. The mother-to-child HIV transmission rate is below 5 percent — at 4.9 percent in 2010, it is only about one sixth of the level of 27.8 percent in 2001. Successes have been achieved, first and foremost, due to preventive measures among most-at-risk groups, better organization of the response to the epidemic, and implementation of national programmes. A substantial improvement in the state of the TB epidemic in Ukraine has also occurred, largely due to the implementation of the programme to combat TB. The incidence of TB decreased by 19 percent from 2005 to 2012 (to 68.1 cases per 100,000 population). 

UNDP's work in Ukraine

Number of people who died from AIDS, per 100,000 population

Bar Chart

1.44 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs