Our Perspective

UNDP international expert: Patients and NGOs will continue to play a key role once the new health procurement agency is established

14 Feb 2018

image An important message is that generically produced essential medicines are much more affordable in the international market, and that even rich countries like USA, UK and the Netherlands are importing and using generic drugs in big quantities, and with great satisfaction.

Wilbert Bannenberg, UNDP public health expert, is helping with the set-up of a new government health procurement agency in Ukraine. In this interview, he talks about the role of NGOs, the global public spending on medicines per capita compared to Ukraine’s, generic drugs, risks of collusion and whistle-blowing programs. UNDP has been procuring medicines on behalf of the Ukraine government for over two years now. Starting from April 2019 health procurement is supposed to be transferred to a designated national entity. How is the transition going to happen? The procurement of medicines after 2019 will require a new government procurement agency to take over public procurement from international agencies. There are several ways for us at UNDP to help the government make the new government procurement agency fully operational. First of all, we can provide some models of similar agencies that represent global best practices. Even more importantly, based on the experience we gained during these last two years, we can work closely with the staff of the new agency to run a pilot procurement project. This pilot project will offer good opportunities to help develop robust and transparent procedures, and to make sure that the governance model of the new  Read More

We can stop the AIDS epidemic by 2030, but change needs to happen

01 Dec 2017

image One of UNDP’s initiatives has been to initiate a mapping of gender-sensitive services for HIV positive women, and to develop and pilot Crisis Response Points. These are focal points for women and girls living with or affected by HIV in the regions of Donetsk and Luhansk.

Interview with Natalya Lukyanova, UNDP Ukraine HIV and Health Programme Specialist Since 1988, December 1 is World AIDS Day. This year, the international day promotes the theme “Right to health”. In this interview, our UNDP Ukraine HIV and Health Programme Specialist, Natalya Lukyanova, reflects on the specific challenges faced by Ukraine in its fight against AIDS. On World AIDS Day 2017, the United Nations Development Program and the broader health community is drawing attention on the 15.8 million people across the world who still lack access to treatment. What is the status of the HIV epidemic in Ukraine and is access to treatment available to all those affected? Ukraine continues to have a concentrated HIV epidemic among key populations at higher risk of HIV. These include people who use drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men, transgender people and prisoners. The number of registered HIV cases is growing in most regions of the country. As of 1 November, this year, Ukraine had 312 091 registered HIV cases, with only 139 394 under medical surveillance. And from all people living with HIV which are indeed under medical surveillance, only 60% are receiving anti-retrovirus therapy (ART) – while an estimated 93%  Read More

Saving the Black Sea monster

14 Nov 2017

image In my childhood, I believed a mythical deep-water creature lived in there, breathing with the waves, powerful and moody. Seeing now the latest scientific research from our environment project, I fear for this powerful monster.

Originally published at the web-site of UNDP Regional Office for Europe and Centra Asia on 6 June 2017 by Olena Marushevska, Communications, EMBLAS, UNDP Georgia/UNDP Ukraine The Black Sea has always made my imagination go wild. Its darkness is unlike any other sea, so you can only imagine what is happening at the bottom of it. In my childhood, I believed a mythical deep-water creature lived in there, breathing with the waves, powerful and moody. The sea lit up in the dark. And when the monster’s mood turned, animals were sometimes thrown out of the water. Seeing now the latest scientific research from our environment project, I fear for this powerful monster. Our Black Sea is at risk. Its biodiversity will die a slow death if no actions are taken to protect it from human activity. Despite all recent efforts to clean up the Black Sea, wastewater is still pouring in from all coastal regions, according to a recent survey I was lucky enough to work on.  Medical waste such as paracetamol, but also caffeine, sun lotion components, pesticides and flame retardants make up a deadly cocktail that’s been poisoning the fish, mollusks and algae. There’s also huge concentrations of plastic,  Read More

Every law is an opportunity to reduce inequalities between men and women

04 Oct 2017

image Ukrainian politicians during All-Ukraine seminar-conference on implementation of the Ukraine's concluding comments of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in Ukraine (July 2017). Photo credit: UNDP in Ukraine

In every country, parliamentarians play a key role in in identifying opportunities for increasing equality between men and women. But to do this they need sound, impartial evidence and effective engagement with experts and citizens. In Ukraine, members of Parliament are exploring various ways of embedding a gender perspective in legislative scrutiny. Gender analysis of legislation Decisions about laws do not affect everyone in the same way. A gender analysis is a process used to analyse the potential impact of laws on women and men to make sure they will not unfairly disadvantage or discriminate against people because of their gender. The process can be extended to include age, disability, ethnicity, location, economic status and many other factors that affect how people experience life. A gender analysis aims to: ·        identify legislative opportunities to increase equality, and to ensure that existing inequalities are not widened, and ·        ensure that decisions do not unfairly/ disproportionately negatively affect women or men. Considering legislation from a gender perspective ensures that decisions about people’s lives take account of their different experiences and needs. If these differences are not considered, there is an assumption that decisions will affect everyone in the same way, which could lead  Read More

Effective Resistance to Climate Changes: What Can Each of Us Do?

03 Oct 2017

image Photo credit: Arben Llapashtica / UNDP Eurasia

Originally published in Ukrainska Pravda on September 29, 2017 The global and inevitable problem of climate change is hiding a powerful unifying potential in itself. Greenhouse effect does not distinguish nationalities, languages, gender or political views. No country or block can solve this problem by itself. It clearly demonstrates how we depend on each other. Can humanity change its way of life so that it can save the planet from the worst consequences of climate change? From catastrophes, famine, resettlement, wars? If we take into account that human lifestyle itself is the main cause of greenhouse effect on the Earth, the answer is obvious – yes, we can start changing the situation right now.    The most effective personal action for each of us would be adopting a full or partial veganism, and supporting initiatives to overcome the problem of climate change. In this article we will explain in more detail why we do believe it to be effective and which steps could be taken to solve the problem. What threats does climate change pose? It is hard to find even one living creature on the planet that will not be affected by climate change. Looking at the list of consequences of  Read More

From saving to prosperity

28 Sep 2017

image Energy efficiency affects everyone, from businesses to families keeping their homes warm. Collective actions are urgently required from the government, the private sector, civil society and communities alike to bring forward the energy efficiency agenda both nationally and in every single village, town and city of Ukraine. Photo credit: © UNDP Croatia

Originally published in The Ukrainian Week on 15 September 2017 How energy efficiency helps energy security and saves for the future One of the least energy efficient countries on the planet, Ukraine has adopted a pattern of high-energy, carbon-intense consumption. Its energy intensity (calculated as units of energy per unit of GDP) is three times higher than the EU average. The country is not even on track to meet its own national target of a 9 percent improvement in energy efficiency by 2020. Despite having the 63rd largest GDP in the world, Ukraine is the 27th largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Ukraine’s outdated energy infrastructure is in dire need of major upgrades. Most of the country’s thermal power stations have never been refurbished since their creation, on average 40 years ago. Ukraine’s housing and municipal sector is four times less energy efficient than in the average Western European country, and devours almost 45 percent of the country’s energy. Inefficient central heating systems waste an enormous amount of gas — with 22 percent of its energy wasted during production, 25 percent during transportation and 30 percent during distribution (including by end users). Updating and rehabilitating Ukraine’s energy infrastructure will require billions of  Read More

Energy efficiency investment rises, but falls short of needs

18 Jul 2017

image A worker measures the heat loss from a residential apartment block in Kyiv. Work to stimulate investment into making such buildings energy efficient across the country is being undertaken by the government with support from international development agencies. According to official figures, some $90 billion is needed for residential and municipal sectors – 90 percent of the nation’s annual gross domestic product. (Ukrafoto)

Originally published in KyivPost on July 14, 2017  Millions of Ukrainians could slash their energy bills by as much as 40 percent, on average, with the right efficiency-boosting measures. But a lack of expertise and investment capital are slowing progress, according to civil society groups and non-governmental organizations. The United Nations Development Program and the American government’s development agency, the U. S. Agency for International Development, are working to address the shortcomings. Their programs tie into goals that Ukraine has set for itself at the national level, with Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman saying on July 12 that Ukraine should seek to become energy independent by 2020. Boosting energy generated from renewable sources and making better use of already existing resources are both key parts of that strategy. But the challenges to advancing energy efficiency in Ukraine are more than just practical. There is also a cultural element, with awareness and understanding of the issue growing but still “in its infancy,” according to Janthomas Hiemstra, country director at the United Nations Development Program. “Ukraine is missing the boat in some ways,” Hiemstra told the Kyiv Post. “The culture and the thinking here is just from a different planet and some of the more  Read More

Shaking up the employment services in Ukraine to leave no one behind

12 Jun 2017

image Ukraine’s employment services are changing the way they design and deliver services.

By Olena Ivanova, Sheila Marnie and Vesna Dzuteska-Bisheva Decent work is a key priority for Ukrainians, and a serious challenge for individuals and state institutions alike. Not only Ukraine is undergoing a process of economic transformation, but the armed conflict in the East contributed to seriously disturb its labour market. One of four employed people in Ukraine work in the informal sector. The education and vocational training system does not produce the skill sets demanded by employers; youth has very limited opportunities to get a first work experience. Mobility of the labour force is low. In rural areas and small towns hardly any new jobs are created. Compared to other countries in the region, Ukraine’s unemployment rate is only moderately high, at 9.3% (it was 7.3% in 2013); but behind these figures there are a full 1.6 million unemployed people. Out of those, one of three is a long-term unemployed – someone who has been out of work for more than 6 months. This puts a large burden on the government-funded social welfare system. At UNDP, we focus on how to remove barriers to employment, which particularly impact women and vulnerable groups such as people with disabilities, women with small children,  Read More

Revisiting Sustainable Development

07 Jun 2017

image It is important to understand that the Sustainable Development Strategy for Ukraine does not only mean the fulfilment of international obligations; it is primarily an opportunity to get rid of inefficient obsolete practices that pull the country down, to move to a conceptually different development model, the key point of which is the triangle of economic, social and environmental aspects that must be mutually taken into account and mutually adjusted. This will also promote finding alternative solutions that will do no harm to both the environment and the interests of the local communities.

Originally published in Day newspaper on May 16, 2017 By Hennady Marushevsky, Tetiana Tymochko, Leonid Rudenko Ukraine needs a Ministry (or Agency) responsible for ensuring the integration of the economic, social and environmental policies... The term “sustainable development” has long been a part of our vocabulary, but how well do we understand what it is about and why it is important for Ukraine? If we consider the classic definition of sustainable development, formulated back in 1987, it is the “development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs .” It means planning for the future; the planning that takes into account the best interests of the country and its citizens. This spring the International Mother Earth Day was marked. On the occasion, out of force of habit and tradition, the active young people organize to collect litter, plant trees, participate in the themed flash mobs. Those are very important local events, a certain support to the ecological condition of the environment and the formation of people's environmental awareness and behaviour. However, the critical condition of the ecological properties of the nature components, which has been recognized by the international community,  Read More

Parliaments: bastions of democracy or power elites’ hangouts?

12 May 2017

image The British prime minister Winston Churchill once famously said that ‘democracy is the worst of all systems of government, except for all of the others’. Parliamentary openness is a key way to demonstrate that although we can never all be happy about the decisions that are made that affect us, that democracy needs not only to be done, but also has to be seen to be done.

It’s a busy couple of weeks for Ukraine. The country is presenting the glittery finale of the Eurovision song contest on May 13. And, on May 19 and 20, in Kyiv, Ukraine’s Parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, is hosting the 2nd global conference on open parliaments. Not as many sequins, perhaps, but a fascinating and important event, coordinated by the EU-UNDP Rada for Europe Project in conjunction with the global Open Government Partnership (OGP) and partnered by a host of international and national democracy-supporting organizations. The Global Legislative Openness Conference brings together more than 200 delegates from over 50 countries, including parliamentary speakers, parliamentarians, civil society activists, and parliamentary staff to explore international experiences and opportunities in making parliamentary work more open, more transparent, and better respond to the needs and demands of citizens around the world. Topics being discussed include making national and parliamentary budget processes more open, combatting fake news with transparency, using digital technologies to expand debate and citizen inclusion, and using openness as a tool to rebuild trust in democratic institutions. The role of parliaments is at the heart of many of today’s highly-charged debates about how democracy should function. Parliaments are at the centre of democratic societies,  Read More

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