Ukraine to Advise UN on the World Development PrioritiesFeb 13, 2013
February 12, 2013. Kyiv, Ukraine - The process of national consultations to define the global Post-2015 Development Agenda priorities, actively involving a wide range of professionals and the public, is underway in Ukraine. The national consultations take place in Ukraine within the framework of a global process initiated by UN in 100 countries.
The United Nations Organisation initiated that process three years before the completion of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) programme, which was adopted by UN Member States in 2000 and includes a range of tasks to overcome poverty and hunger, to ensure accessible education and gender equality, to reduce child mortality and to improve maternal health, to combat HIV/AIDS and other diseases, to ensure sustainable environmental development, and to promote global partnerships for development, and spans the period until the year 2015.
Over the 12 years of the Millennium Development Goals implementation, the international community has achieved many positive changes in the lives of billions of people. The 2012 MDG Report in by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon stated that three MDG targets were reached ahead of time (namely, poverty has been reduced, living conditions of slum residents have been improved and the number of people with access to safe drinking water has increased). According to preliminary estimates, the number of people in the world who live on less than the equivalent of USD 1.25 per day, decreased by half in 2010, compared to 1990. The proportion of people with access to safe drinking water increased from 76 per cent in 1990 to 89 per cent in 2010, i.e. living conditions improved for more than two billion people. Across the world, the proportion of urban population living in slums decreased from 39 per cent in 2000 to 33 per cent in 2012. As of the end of 2010, more than 6.5 million people in developing regions were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS.
The Report by the UN Secretary General on accelerated achievement of the development targets and resolution of issues associated with the formation of the UN development agenda beyond 2015 (A/66/126), indicated that the set of priorities will be formed on the basis on an integrated, open and transparent process involving many parties. Key components that must be included in the new agenda (protecting human rights, reducing inequality, promoting sustainable development) and thematic areas for consultations (inequality, health, education, demographics, economic growth and employment , energy, water, environmental balance, governance, food security, conflicts and their prevention) have been defined.
The process of determining and forming of the priorities and targets for the period beyond 2015 is underway on the global, regional and national levels, involving a wide range of stakeholders and enabling people from all over the world to contribute to the formation of a global vision and priorities "of the future that we want", with clear recommendations to authorities, civil society and other stakeholders.
At the national level in Ukraine, the consultations were initiated by the UN system in Ukraine, in partnership with the Institute of Economics and Forecasting of the NAS of Ukraine, the M.V. Ptukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the NAS of Ukraine, the Ukrainian Institute of Strategic Studies, and the O.Yaremenko Institute of Social Studies. The goal of the national consultations is to determine public opinion regarding the development priorities by encouraging open debate involving various social groups and population strata, including representatives of NGOs, academia, trade unions, small, medium and large businesses, young people, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, people living with HIV / AIDS, etc.
The national consultations are held in different cities of Ukraine. For example, from February 12 to 28, meetings to discuss the vision of the future by youth will be held at six institutions of higher learning in Kyiv and Kharkiv. In the nearest future, a series of focus-group interviews will be held with orphaned children in boarding schools (in Lutsk and Rivne), with labour and irregular immigrants (in Kyiv and Lviv), with representatives of small business (in Zhytomyr) and representatives of the Roma minority (in Uzhgorod and Odessa).
"The national consultations provide Ukrainians a truly unique opportunity to influence the intergovernmental processes so that they meet the expectations of the society. They will help to hear people's opinions about the future of the country, especially from the perspective of socio-economic reforms, which are gaining a new momentum”, says the UNDP Resident Representative a.i. Ms. Ricarda Rieger. “Apart from the consultations, large-scale information and communication campaigns to encourage public participation in the joint discussion of matters to be included in the long-term global development strategy, will be an important component of the process."
The output to be produced by the consultations will be the national report "The Future we Want" to be prepared by April 2013, with appropriate recommendations regarding development priorities for the period beyond 2015. This will become Ukraine's contribution in the global development vision to be presented during the 68th session of the UN General Assembly in autumn 2013.
In addition, any person can participate in the global online survey to determine development priorities by expressing their opinion at www.myworld2015.org. MY World is a survey in which people from all over the world express their views on the priorities for a better future by selecting six major challenges out of the 16 options.
Details of the progress in the national consultations in Ukraine are available at www.post2015ukraine.org.