Ukraine ranks 83 out of 187 countries, - says 2014 Human Development Report
Persistent vulnerability threatens human development and unless it is systematically tackled by policies and social norms, progress will be neither equitable nor sustainable. This is the core premise of the 2014 Human Development Report, released today by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The launch event brought together Ukrainian top government officials, representatives of academia and civil society to discuss challenges and opportunities for Ukraine in the context of human development. Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine Oleksandr Sych, Minister of Youth and Sports Dmytro Bulatov, Minister of Health Oleg Musiy, Deputy Minister of Social Policy Valeriy Yaroshenko, and Academician Ella Libanova took part in the discussion.
According to income-based measures of poverty, 1.2 billion people live with $1.25 or less a day. However, the latest estimates of UNDP Multidimensional Poverty Index reveal that almost 1.5 billion people in 91 developing countries are living in poverty with overlapping deprivations in health, education and living standards. And although poverty is declining overall, almost 800 million people are at risk of falling back into poverty if setbacks occur.
"Expanding people's choices and their equitable distribution is a priority for our government" - said Vice-Prime-Ministetr Sych during HDR 2014 launch.
"Real progress in human development is not only a matter of expanding people's choices and their ability to be educated, be healthy, have a reasonable standard of living and feel safe. It is also a matter of how secure these achievements are and whether conditions are sufficient for sustained human development. An account of progress in human development is incomplete without exploring and assessing vulnerability - underlined Mr. Jens Toyberg-Frandzen, UN Resident Coordinator, UNDP Resident Representative a.i. in Ukraine.
"There are two guiding principles for Human Development - (1) Embracing Universalism which means equal life chances require unequal attention to the poor and disadvantaged; (2) Putting People First which implies that all policies need to reflect on their impact on people's lives" - noted Inita Pauloviča, UNDP Deputy Resident Representative in Ukraine.
Ukraine’s HDI value for 2013 is 0.734— which is in the high human development category—positioning the country at 83 out of 187 countries and territories. Between 1990 and 2013, Ukraine’s HDI value increased from 0.705 to 0.734, an increase of 4.1 percent or an average annual increase of about 0.18 percent.
Between 1980 and 2013, Ukraine’s life expectancy at birth decreased by 0.8 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.9 years and expected years of schooling increased by 3.1 years. Ukraine’s GNI per capita decreased by about 24.2 percent between 1990 and 2013.
Ukraine’s 2013 HDI of 0.734 is below the average of 0.735 for countries in the high human development group and below the average of 0.738 for countries in Europe and Central Asia.
Ukraine has a GII value of 0.326, ranking it 61 out of 149 countries in the 2013 index. In Ukraine, 9.4 percent of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 91.5 percent of adult women have reached at least a secondary level of education compared to 96.1 percent of their male counterparts. For every 100,000 live births, 32.0 women die from pregnancy related causes; and the adolescent birth rate is 25.7 births per 1000 live births. Female participation in the labour market is 53.0 percent compared to 66.6 for men.