What is social cohesion and reconciliation?

Social cohesion refers to the quality of relationships between individuals and groups in society (horizontal aspect) and also between people and the institutions that serve them (vertical aspect). Reconciliation refers to the propensity of conflicting groups to come closer to each other.

Why we do SCORE?

The SCORE (Social Cohesion and Reconciliation Index for eastern Ukraine) identifies major strengths and weaknesses of various aspects of social cohesion in the specific context of eastern Ukraine. This helps us to determine strategic entry points for policies and projects, allocate resources, and inform stakeholders about what issues are of concern to local communities.

The vision for social cohesion is peaceful, inclusive and resilient societies that can mature through adversities and benefit from opportunities.


The SCORE methodology was originally developed in Cyprus by SeeD, UNDP and USAID, and since then has been implemented in several countries in Europe, Africa and Asia.

SCORE contributes to monitoring the progress of strengthening social stability, promoting peacebuilding and dialogue (during the conflict and in a post-conflict settlement) under Sustainable Development Goal 16.

How can one use SCORE?

Tracking change

There are more than 70 indicators encompassing such fields as civic behavior, intergroup relations, security and access to services. Data can be shown at regional, sub-regional and city levels, and disaggregated by various demographics.

The scores for indicators are measured on a scale from 0 to 10, where 0 indicates that an indicator is not observed at all while 10 indicates that the indicator is observed strongly and prevalently. A 0.5 + difference in scores indicates a significant change.

Profiling target groups: based on context-appropriate criteria (e.g., gender, political preferences) group characteristics and inter-relationships are analyzed to understand the experiences, perspectives and concerns of each group.


Identifying linkages

The SCORE analysis can determine which factors influence which indicator, as well as the strength of that influence.

This helps assess the theories of change and suggest most effective interventions.


Each year the SCORE team develops a series of policy briefs covering the main themes, such as civic engagement, gender norms and stereotypes, readiness for dialogue, all available at http://use.scoreforpeace.org

The SCORE survey is implemented by DG East, SeeD and UNDP under UN’s Recovery and Peacebuilding Programme, with funding from Denmark, the Netherlands, the European Union and USAID.


Ildar Gazizullin, UN SCORE team, Team Lead, ildar.gazizullin@undp.org

Darina Solodova, UN SCORE team, Data Analyst, darina.solodova@undp.org

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